Graphene is a compound similar to coal, graphite or diamond but that differs in the rearrangement of carbon atoms and the unique shape it is able to take on. When we think of a chunk of a diamond- you typically picture the 3D version with an x,y, and z dimensionality present. So how does graphene differ from these other compounds? A Noble Prize was awarded in 2010 for this discovery.
It is believed that the brain’s neurons die and break down as a result of Alzheimer’s. This process is known to involve high levels of amyloid and tau- a peptide and a protein respectively. However, other factors are currently being explored as possibly playing a role in the neurodegenerative effects of the illness.
Astronomers have recently discovered the solar system’s most distant object, thus far, which they creatively nicknamed “FarFarOut.” It is 3.5 times more distant than Pluto (140 times farther away than the Earth from the sun). The proposed distance for Planet 9, according to Greg Laughlin, an astronomer at Yale University is, “[the] best estimate for its [planet 9’s] current position and brightness put it about 950 times farther than Earth from the Sun.” For now, Planet 9 remains an elusive possibility as we continue to explore what lies on the fringes of our own solar system and galaxy.
New Year’s Day was especially exciting this year as New Horizons flew by its latest target, Ultima Thule. Previously, scientists did not have enough information on this tiny world, but even a few weeks after the flyby, New Horizons has sent valuable data about this world and how it may have formed.